Google Action Group

2015/3/30 16:50


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判決は、Googleがトラッキングクッキーに依存する広告サービスからいかにして利益を上げたかを詳述し、同社は「DoubleClickサービスによって年間数十億ドルの利益を上げていた」と述べた。このサービスは、DoubleClick ID Cookieがユーザーのコンピューターに保存されればインターネット閲覧の傾向、社会階級・人種・民族性、性的関心、労働組合員、宗教・政治信条、精神的・身体的健康、財政状態などのデータを収集する。このような情報は、トラッキングクッキー保存を認めないApple Safariウェブブラウザーのデフォルト・プライバシー設定があるにもかかわらず、いわゆる「Safari回避策」を通じて2011年と2012年にかけた9カ月間に収集された。判決は「関連する期間中にSafari回避策を実行した結果、被告(Google)はSafariユーザーの承知もしくは同意なしに、上述に関連するプライベートな個人情報を取得、記録した」と述べている。


判決は2011年夏から2012年春の関連期間中のAppleコンピューター、iPhones、iPadsのユーザーによる数百万の英国市民による訴訟の道を開く。Google Action Groupは非営利会社であり、Safari回避策を通じてプライバシーを侵害したインターネット大企業に対する申し立てを管理するため設立された。関連する期間中に英国およびウェールズでSafariブラウザーを利用した人はすべて、Googleに対するグループ活動に参画する権利がある。


Google Action Groupは非営利会社であり、Googleに対する消費者の申し立てを管理するため設立された。Google Governance Campaignによって創設された同グループは、財政的支援を受けており、スペシャリストの法律事務所ができるだけ早期の機会を得て訴訟を起こすよう指示されている。グループのウェブサイトhttp://www.googleactiongroup.com は30日に開始され、この訴訟行為に参加を希望する消費者は誰でもこのウェブサイトを通じてグループと接触してもらいたい。

ソース:Google Action Group

Google Defeated in English Court of Appeal - Landmark Decision Opens Door for Litigation by Millions of British Apple Users



    The Court of Appeal of England and Wales has dismissed an attempt by Google

to prevent British computer users from being able to sue it in England.

    The landmark hearing followed an earlier defeat for Google in the English

High Court in which it was unsuccessful in preventing three British computer

users from having the right to sue it for breach of privacy, after the computer

giant ignored users' wishes not to have tracking cookies placed on their

computers. Google took the matter to Appeal, arguing that the issue was not

serious and, in any case, the claimants could not demonstrate they had lost out

financially as a consequence of the company's actions. The Court of Appeal

disagreed, stating in its judgment:

    "These claims raise serious issues which merit a trial. They concern what

is alleged to have been the secret and blanket tracking and collation of

information, often of an extremely private nature... about and associated with

the claimants' internet use, and the subsequent use of that information for

about nine months. The case relates to the anxiety and distress this intrusion

upon autonomy has caused."

    One of the three claimants against Google, Marc Bradshaw welcomed the


    "This is a David and Goliath victory. The Court of Appeal has ensured

Google cannot use its vast resources to evade English justice. Ordinary

computer users like me will now have the right to hold this giant to account

before the courts for its unacceptable, immoral and unjust actions."

    The Court of Appeal also confirmed the Mr Justice Tugendhat judgement in

the High Court that breach of privacy is a tort, dismissing Google's argument

that it should only be actionable if there is a financial loss.

    The judgment set out clearly how Google profits from its advertising

service that relies on tracking cookies, stating that the company "makes an

annual profit of billions of dollars from the DoubleClick service" in which the

DoubleClick ID Cookie, when placed onto a user's browser, gathered data such as

surfing habits, social class, race and ethnicity, sexual interests, trade union

membership, religious and political beliefs, mental and physical health and

financial situation. This information was gathered through what is known as the

'Safari workaround' in spite of the Apple Safari web browser's default privacy

settings, that opted out of permitting tracking cookies for nine months in 2011

and 2012: "As a result of the operation of the Safari Workaround during the

Relevant Period the Defendant, without Safari users' knowledge or consent

thereby obtained and recorded the private and personal information referred to


    Dan Tench, partner at Olswang, acting for the Claimants, welcomed the

decision: "This is an important decision that prevents Google from evading or

trivialising these very serious intrusions into the privacy of British

consumers. Google, a company that makes billions from advertising knowledge,

claims that it was unaware that was secretly tracking Apple users for a period

of nine months and had argued that no harm was done because the matter was

trivial as consumers had not lost out financially. The Court of Appeal saw

these arguments for what they are: a breach of consumers' civil rights and

actionable before the English courts. We look forward to holding Google to

account for its actions."

    The decision opens the door to litigation by millions of Britons who used

Apple computers, iPhones and iPads during the relevant period of Summer 2011

and Spring 2012. The Google Action Group is a not-for-profit company that has

been set up to manage claims against the Internet giant for breach of privacy

through the Safari workaround. Anyone who used the Safari browser in England

and Wales during the relevant period now has the right to join the Group's

action against Google.

    Notes to Editors

    The Google Action Group is a not-for-profit company set up to manage the

claims of consumers against Google. Founded by the Google Governance Campaign,

it has funding and a specialist law firm instructed to bring an action at the

earliest possible opportunity. The Group's website -

http://www.googleactiongroup.com - will be launched on Monday and any consumer

wishing to join the action should contact the Group via that vehicle.

SOURCE: Google Action Group