TSUKUBA, Japan, Aug. 21, 2020 /Kyodo JBN/ --
International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
A team at the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA) has demonstrated controlled addition reactions at specific sites on a single molecule by using an atomic force microscope’s (AFM) local probe at low temperature. This work enables the synthesis of functional carbon nanostructures that cannot be obtained by conventional chemistry. Thanks to their superior electrical properties, such nanostructures are expected to find applications in nanoelectronic devices.
The team synthesized three-dimensional graphene nanoribbons (3D-GNR) by on-surface chemical reaction. Then, taking advantage of the AFM’s ability to conduct tip-induced assembly, they demonstrated the nanoribbons’ capability as a framework for local probe chemistry. This could allow sequential reactions, particularly addition reactions (in which two molecules combine to create a bigger one), by a local probe at the single-molecule level.
The AFM’s probe, terminated with a small carbon monoxide molecule, allows direct observation of the inner structures of both single molecules, as well as the products of on-surface chemical reactions.
It also allows researchers to conduct single molecule chemistry via tip-induced reactions. The local probe can be used to generate highly reactive radical species by tip-induced dehydrogenation, dehalogenation or deoxidization on surfaces. However, since these organic redox reactions are conducted with planar molecules, the molecule-substrate interaction has to be reduced by inserting thin insulating films. In contrast, if a 3D hydrocarbon is used, the out-of-plane moiety can be used for local probe chemistry in a similar way to recent measurements of intermolecular interactions.
The WPI-MANA team noted that direct addition reactions at specific sites like the ones they demonstrated can advance chemistry toward synthesis of single compounds atom by atom. Such extremely fine control offers the ability to create unprecedented new functional materials.
This research was carried out by Shigeki Kawai* (Principal Researcher, Nano Functionality Integration Group, Nano-System Field, WPI-MANA, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)) and his collaborators.
*Present affiliation: Group Leader, Nanoprobe Group, Nano Characterization Field, Research Center for Advanced Measurement and Characterization, NIMS
Shigeki Kawai et al., SCIENCE ADVANCES, Feb. 28, 2020: